The Italian peninsula, which looks similar to a boot, is a characteristic feature of Italian geography. Besides this peninsula there are many smaller and larger islands, such as Sicily, Sardinia or Capri. Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and the Vatican.
With a population of over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is to Germany, France and Great Britain, the country with the fourth largest population in Europe. In the global rankings, the nation is ranked 23 The most Italians, about two-thirds of the residents live in the largest cities such as Rome, Milan, Naples and Turin.
Officially, the official language of Italy is Italian, but beyond that, there are several regional languages ??such as German and Ladin in the South Tyrol region, French in the Aosta Valley and Slovenian in the regions around Trieste. . When Italian is a Romance language, so it has some similarities in vocabulary and grammar, for example, the Romanian, Spanish and French. All Romance languages ??are descended from Latin, from principle, mixed with other dialects and transformed themselves over time.
Italy is a more economically divided country. While gross domestic product per capita in the northern regions just below the German average, the GDP per capita in Calabria (toe) is only half as high as in South Tyrol or Lombardy.
Some of the largest airports in Europe are in Italy. Rome Fuimicino is currently with nearly 33 million passengers annually the seventh largest airport in the EU. The two Milan Malpensa and Linate airports bring together about as many people to their destinations. Other large airports such as that of Catania in Sicily or Naples are also for tourism in the South of great importance.
Italy is very much influenced by the Catholic faith, because in addition to 16% unchurched than 80% of the population are Catholics. Thus, only less than 4% remain for other religions such as Islam, Jews and Protestants. The church is an important part in the lives of many Italians and has a great impact on everyday life.